Information propagation in 1D quantum spin chains via linear ODEs with Hermitian field


William Yessen


Rice University


Tuesday, March 4, 2014 - 1:00pm to 2:00pm



RH 440R

Since the early 1970's, it has been known in both, the mathematical physics and in the physics communities, that propagation of information in quantum spin chains cannot exceed the so-called Lieb-Robinson bound (effectively providing the quantum analog of the light cone from the relativity theory). Typically these bounds depend on the parameters of the model (interaction strength, external field). The recent Hamza-Sims-Stolz result demonstrates exponential localization (a la Anderson localization) of information propagation in most spin chains (in the sense of a given probability distribution with respect to which interaction and external field couplings are drawn). A natural question arises: what can be said about lower bounds on propagation of information in spin crystals (i.e. the case far from the one in which localization is expected), as well as in the intermediate case--the spin quasicrystals. This problem can be reduced to solving a linear ODE given by a Hermitian matrix, the solutions of which live on finite-dimensional complex spheres.

In this talk we shall discuss the history, give a general overview of the field, reduce the problem to an ODE problem as mentioned above, and look at some open problems. We shall also present some numerical computations with animations.



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