Line Defects in a Modified Ericksen Model of Nematic Liquid Crystals

Speaker: 

Robert M Hardt

Institution: 

Rice University

Time: 

Monday, October 12, 2015 - 3:00pm to 4:00pm

Host: 

Location: 

RH306

In 1985, J. Ericksen derived a model for uniaxial liquid crystals to allow for disclinations (i.e. line defects or curve singularities). It involved not only a unit orientation vectorfield on a region of R^3  but also a scalar order parmeter quantify- ing the expected inner product between this vector and the molecular orientation. FH.Lin, in several papers, related this model, for certain material constants, to harmonic maps to a metric cone over S^2. He showed that a minimizer would be continuous everywhere but would have higher regularity fail on the singular de- fect set s^{-1}(0). The optimal partial regularity result of R.Hardt-FH.Lin in 1993, for this model, led to regularity away from isolated points, which unfortunately still excluded line singularities. This paper accordingly also introduced a modified model involving maps to a metric cone over RP^2, the real projective plane. Here the nontrivial homotopy leads to the optimal estimate of the singular set being 1 dimensional. In 2010, J. Ball and A.Zarnescu discussed a derivation from the de Gennes Q tensor and interesting orientability questions using RP2. In recent ongo- ing work with FH.Lin and O. Alper, we see that the singular set with this model necessarily consists of Holder continuous curves. We will also survey some of the many more elaborate liquid crystal PDE’s involving a general director functional, the full Q tensor model, and possible coupling with fluid velocity. 

Coating flow of viscous Newtonian liquids on a rotating cylinder

Speaker: 

Marina Chugunova

Institution: 

Claremont Graduate University

Time: 

Thursday, October 22, 2015 - 3:00pm

Location: 

RH 440R

In this talk I discuss the different types of models which originate from a lubrication approximation of viscous coating flow dynamics on the outer surface of a rotating cylinder, that is in the presence of a gravitational field. Analytical and numerical results related to existence, uniqueness and stability of solutions will be presented.

Homogenization of Oscillating Boundary Conditions

Speaker: 

William Feldman

Institution: 

UCLA

Time: 

Thursday, May 14, 2015 - 3:00pm to 4:00pm

Host: 

Location: 

RH306

I will discuss the homogenization of periodic oscillating Dirichlet
boundary problems in general domains for second order uniformly elliptic
equations. These problems are connected with the study of boundary layers
in fluid mechanics and with the study of higher order asymptotic expansions
in interior homogenization theory. The talk will be aimed at a general
audience. I will explain some recent progress about the continuity
properties of the homogenized problem which displays a sharp contrast
between the case of linear and nonlinear interior equations. This is based
on joint work with Inwon Kim.

Global in time Gevrey regularity solution for a class of nonlinear gradient flows

Speaker: 

Cheng Wang

Institution: 

University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth

Time: 

Tuesday, March 17, 2015 - 3:00pm

Location: 

RH 306

The existence and uniqueness of Gevrey regularity solution for a class of nonlinear
bistable gradient flows, with the energy decomposed into purely convex and concave parts,
such as epitaxial thin film growth and square phase field crystal models, are discussed in this talk.
The polynomial pattern of the nonlinear terms in the chemical potential enables one to derive a
local in time solution with Gevrey regularity, with the existence time interval length dependent
on certain functional norms of the initial data. Moreover, a detailed Sobolev estimate for the gradient
equations results in a uniform in time bound, which in turn establishes a global in
time solution with Gevrey regularity. An extension to a system of gradient flows,
such as the three-component Cahn-Hilliard equations, is also addressed in this talk.

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